Nuclear in Netherlands

Installed capacity0.01ktoe

Production113ktoe per year


Nuclear power has a small role in the Dutch electricity supply, with the Borssele reactor providing about 4% of total generation – 4.1 billion kWh in 2011. It began operating in 1973. Initially, two NPPs have been constructed in the Netherlands: a 55 MWe BWR at Dodewaard (which operated from 1968 to 1997) and a 449 MWe PWR at Borssele (on line from 1973). Borssele’s output accounts for 3.7% of Dutch electricity generation. In January 2006 the Dutch Government agreed to a 20-year life extension for the Borssele plant, allowing it to operate until December 2033; six months later Parliament ratified the decision. Also in June 2006, the chairman and CEO of Delta, one of the companies with shareholdings in Borssele’s operator EPZ, revealed that Delta was investigating the possibility of constructing a new reactor at Borssele, which could be operating by 2016. A major refit completed at the end of 2006 resulted in Borssele’s capacity being raised to 482 MWe.

September 2006 saw a reversal of the Government’s phase-out policy, when new conditions for the construction of NPPs were announced. Any new reactor must be a third-generation model, with barriers to prevent containment breaches. Other rules relate to the disposal of high-level waste and used fuel, plant dismantling and decommissioning funds.

In June 2009 the Dutch utility Delta began a process designed to lead to an application to build an NPP, to be operating by 2018. Public and political support is increasing for expanding nuclear energy.