Solar in Netherlands

Installed capacity145MW

The Clean and Efficient: New Energy for Climate Policy was designed to help meet the Dutch Government’s target of renewable energy supplying 20% of total primary energy consumption by 2020. As part of the Policy, SDE (Subsidy for Sustainable Energy) was launched in April 2008 and, although other renewable technologies have a higher priority, the introduction of a feed-in tariff for small-scale PV installations has assisted in the development of the solar sector.

At end-2008 a total of 57.2 MWp PV had been installed, an increase of 4.4 MWp over 2007. Of the total, 5.2 MWp was off-grid, 48.5 MWp gridconnected distributed and 3.5 MWp grid-connected centralised. In the period to 2011, an additional 78 MWp is thought likely to be installed.

The Energy Innovation Agenda, drawn up by the Cabinet and presented to Parliament in mid-2008, has been formulated in order to implement an innovative approach to meeting the energy targets. Some € 9 million were allocated to PV demonstration schemes to be developed during 2009, concentrating on PV in the built environment.

The Stad van de Zon (City of the Sun) Project is a new residential area located between three cities (Heerhugowaard, Alkmaar and Langedijk). It is part of an urban development – HAL-Lokaties – designed to be a net zero CO2 emissions area and the largest PV housing project in the world. The original plan for a total of 5 MWp grid-connected PV has been reduced to 2.45 MWp, owing to financial constraints. The scheme, which began in 2002, saw the start of operations during 2008.

Development of the Dutch solar thermal market began in the mid-1970s and, owing to support from the Government in the form of a Long-Term Agreement for the Implementation of Solar Hot Water Systems (SHWS) and also subsidy schemes, it achieved considerable success, especially in the house-building sector. By 2001 nearly 15% of all new residential dwellings were supplied with a Domestic Hot Water (DHW) system. Installation of solar thermal systems in existing buildings almost stopped after 2003 when the financial incentives ended, but the new-build market was revitalised following the introduction of tighter energy efficiency regulations. The Dutch solar thermal market continues to expand: between 2005 and 2008 it grew at 6.2% per annum, bringing the total installed collector area to 363 341 m2, giving an output capacity of about 254 MWt.