Gas in Norway

Recoverable reserves1.73thousand Mtoe

Production88.7Mtoe per year

Production ratio19years

According to OGJ, Norway had 71 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) of proved natural gas reserves as

of January 2012. Despite the aging of its major natural gas fields in the North Sea, Norway

has been able to sustain annual increases in total natural gas production by continuing to

develop new fields. Norway produced 3.64 Tcf of dry natural gas in 2011, down slightly from

the 3.76 Tcf produced in 2010. Production has been generally increasing since 1993 and

NPD forecasts it will reach 3.96 Tcf in 2015. Total gross natural gas production was 5.25 Tcf

in 2011, of which 1.38 Tcf (26 %) was reinjected to enhance oil production. Norway’s single

largest natural gas field is Troll, which produced 0.9 Tcf in 2010, according to NPD, representing

about one-quarter of Norway’s total natural gas production. The three other largest

producing fields in 2010 were Ormen Lange (0.7 Tcf), Asgard (0.4 Tcf), and Sleipner Ost (0.3

Tcf). These 4 fields accounted for about 60 % of Norway’s total natural gas production.

Norway exported an estimated 3.5 Tcf of natural gas in 2011, 96 % of its production,

according to NPD. Most of it was transported to Europe via its extensive export pipeline

infrastructure and a smaller amount (4.3 %) via LNG tanker. The country is the second-largest

supplier of natural gas to the European Union, behind Russia, supplying about 18 % of

Europe’s total gas demand in 2010 and ranks fourth in world natural gas production. The

largest outlets for Norway’s natural gas pipeline exports in 2010 were Germany, the United

Kingdom, France, the Netherlands, and Belgium. According to NPD estimates, 2011 shipments

of Norwegian LNG totaled an estimated 150 Bcf, up from 138 Bcf in 2010. OECD European countries in 2010 received about 74 % of the total, with Spain importing almost half of that. The United States imported about 5 % or 26.8 Bcf. Norway has long-term contracts with Spain’s Iberderola and the U.S.’s El Paso.

As is the case with the oil sector, Statoil dominates natural gas production in Norway. A number of international oil and gas companies, including ExxonMobil, ConocoPhillips, Total, Shell, and Eni have a sizable presence in the natural gas and oil sectors in partnership with Statoil. State-owned Gassco is responsible for administering the natural gas pipeline network.

Note

Gas data represents natural gas only, for unconventional gas please refer country notes within the WER 2013 report gas chapter.