Gas in Turkey

Gas Production450ktoe per year

Amount in place1.04thousand Mtoe

Gas Recoverable Reserves6.12Mtoe

Turkey plays an important role in the natural gas market currently due to the country’s significant level of natural gas imports. Additionally, Turkey has the potential to increase their domestic natural gas production in the future due to their shale gas potential.

Turkey’s natural gas demand has been increasing rapidly in recent years. In 2014, Turkey consumed 48.6 bcm of natural gas. Furthermore, the country only produced 0.5 bcm of natural gas in that same year. Natural gas plays a crucial role in Turkey’s primary energy consumption. In 2014, natural gas accounted for the largest share of Turkey’s primary energy consumption at 34.9%, slightly edging out both coal and oil.

As a result of the country’s natural gas consumption significantly overweighing their production, Turkey has become a major importer of natural gas. Turkey has been able to leverage both pipeline and LNG in order to import their natural gas. Turkey imported 48.4 bcm of natural gas in 2014. A large majority of this natural gas was imported via pipeline. Turkey imported 41.1 bcm of pipeline natural gas in 2014, of which Russia was by the largest supplier at 26.9 bcm. Turkey also imported natural gas in the form of LNG. In 2014, Turkey imported 7.3 bcm of LNG, of which 4.1 bcm came from Algeria. Although the majority of Turkey’s natural gas imports come from Russia, their expansion into LNG and pipeline imports from other countries illustrates their desire to improve their energy security of supply.

Another way that Turkey could go about improving their energy security of supply for natural gas would be to capitalise on their shale gas potential. Between the Dadas Shale in the South East Anatolian basin and the Hamitabat Shale in the Thrace basin, the EIA estimates that Turkey has 0.7 tcm of technically recoverable shale gas reserves. However, in order to fully take advantage of this opportunity, the country will need to further evaluate their exact shale gas potential and improve upon policy and infrastructure concerns.

Note

Gas data represents natural gas only, for unconventional gas please refer country notes within the WER 2013 report gas chapter.