The region’s total natural gas recoverable reserves amounted to 8.53 thousand million tonnes of oil equivalent, representing 5% of the global gas reserves. Top countries per proved recoverable reserves include Australia (3,471.4 bcm), Indonesia (2,839 bcm), Malaysia (1,169 bcm), Vietnam (617 bcm), Myanmar (528 bcm), Brunei (276 bcm) and Thailand (220 bcm). Top producing countries include Indonesia (75 bcm), Malaysia (68.2 bcm), Australia (67.1 bcm) and Thailand (39.8 bcm).

Australia has abundant supplies of both onshore and offshore conventional gas. Most of the gas is produced in the Carnarvon basin offshore Western Australia (77% of Australia’s total gas production in 2015) and Victoria (16.8%). The largest production site has two of the country’s largest LNG export ventures, the North West Shelf project (22.1bcm) and Gorgon LNG (21.1bcm). Consumption of natural gas in 2015 was 34.3 bcm, with the largest market being Western Australia (40% of all gas consumed annually), followed by New South Wales and Victoria.

Indonesia’s natural gas production has been declining since 2010 when it reached 85.7 bcm. The majority of the production is found in Aceh and East Kalimantan. The country is implementing a natural gas infrastructure development plan, called the National Infrastructure Development Plan 2016, which will add six natural gas infrastructure projects between 2016 and 2018. Consumption of natural gas is predicted to grow in the country, as the power industry is planning to shift coal to the cleaner source of gas and more residential consumers will have access to the natural gas distribution networks.

Malaysia’s gas fields are concentrated offshore Sarawak and Sabah. The first floating LNG facility, PFLNG1, has been recently completed by Petronas in Bintulu and has a processing capacity of 1.2 million tonnes per annum. The main gas projects in the pipeline by 2020 include: Petronas MLNG Train 9 (capacity of 5 bcm per annum), Petronas’ NC3 and NC8 Fields (6.1bcm per annum), Hess’ North Malay Gas Project (second phase to start production in 2017, capacity of 2 bcm), Shell’s E6 Field, Petronas’ Kasawari Field (capacity of 5.1-7.7 bcm per annum), SapuraKencana’s SK310 (production of 1 bcm by 2018), Petronas’ PFLNG2 (2.1 bcm facility moored at the Rotan field off Sabah, to be completed by 2020) and Petronas’ Tukau Timur Field (with estimated 58.8 bcm of gas-in-place). Malaysia is a net exporter of natural gas, with Japan the largest consumer (59.3% of total exports in 2015), followed by South Korea (14.2%), China (11.7%) and Taiwan (8.6%). The exports to these countries are in the form of LNG. (Source: BP, 2016 and BMI Reseach, 2016)

Gas Production

Gas Production272Mtoe per year

Gas Recoverable Reserves8.53thousand Mtoe

Gas Recoverable Reserves by region

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Gas Recoverable Reserves by country

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Top Gas producing countries

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Note

Gas data represents natural gas only, for unconventional gas please refer country notes within the WER 2013 report gas chapter.