Bahrain

Index rank 38

Balance Score

AAD

Energy Sustainability Index Rankings and Balance Score

 2011  2012  2013  Trend Score
Energy Performance  64  59  52   
Energy Security  45  40  23  A
Energy Equity  29  19  19  A
Environmental Sustainability  125  126  125  D
         
Contextual Performance  31  35  31   
Political Strength  51  51  54   
Societal Strength  42  41  41   
Economic Strength  3  14  8   
         
Overall Rank  53  48  38  AAD
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Fossil Fuel Reserves

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Key Metrics

Industrial sector (% of GDP) 50.7
TPEP / TPEC  (net energy importer) 0.98
Emission intensity (kg CO2 per USD) 0.86
Energy affordability (USD per kWh) n.a.
GDP / capita (PPP, USD); GDP Group 27,735 (II)
Energy intensity (million BTU per USD) 0.37
CO2 emissions (metric tons CO2 per capita) n.a.
Population Access to Electricity (%) 94.1
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Index Commentary

Bahrain, a new member country of the World Energy Council, enters the Index at rank 38, which represents a retroactively calculated improvement from last year. The small island country struggles with balancing the energy trilemma, as its extremely high levels of energy security and equity are offset by its underperformance in mitigating its environmental impact. Although Bahrain’s electricity generation portfolio is not diversified, the country performs well on the energy security dimension due to a falling energy consumption growth rate and a reduction in electricity transmission and distribution losses. Bahrain’s high ranking on the energy equity dimension is driven by low gasoline prices and the availability of affordable and reliable electricity. However, the country’s impact on the environment remains large, with comparatively poor air and water quality, and very high energy and emission intensity. Due to the continued reliance on conventional thermal power for electricity generation, CO2 emissions per kWh generated remain high. Efforts to diversify the electricity fuel mix may lead to a lower environmental impact in the near future as Bahrain begins to explore solar and wind technologies. Contextually, Bahrain’s indicators of political and societal strength are above average and stable, while, economically, macroeconomic stability is particularly high and the cost of living quite low.