Botswana

Index rank 99

Balance Score

BDD

Energy Sustainability Index Rankings and Balance Score

 2011  2012  2013  Trend Score
Energy Performance  111  109  109   
Energy Security  123  121  126  D
Energy Equity  94  96  97  D
Environmental Sustainability  69  69  62  B
         
Contextual Performance  57  59  63   
Political Strength  38  40  38   
Societal Strength  65  56  56   
Economic Strength  67  83  82   
         
Overall Rank  98  98  99  BDD
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Fossil Fuel Reserves

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Key Metrics

Industrial sector (% of GDP) 45.0
TPEP / TPEC  (net energy importer) 0.34
Emission intensity (kg CO2 per USD) 0.16
Energy affordability (USD per kWh) n.a.
GDP / capita (PPP, USD); GDP Group 16,105 (II)
Energy intensity (million BTU per USD) 0.08
CO2 emissions (metric tons CO2 per capita) 2.10
Population Access to Electricity (%) 43.1
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Index Commentary

Botswana drops just one place in this year’s Index with little overall change in either energy or contextual performance. Botswana continues to struggle with balancing the three facets of the energy trilemma, with each dimension’s ranking being quite different from the other two. Energy security is particularly weak as the country relies exclusively on conventional thermal power for electricity generation and electricity transmission and distribution losses are high. With barely any fossil fuel resources of its own, and therefore a great reliance on fuel imports, meeting the continuously increasing demand for energy poses a huge challenge for Botswana. Energy equity performance deteriorates slightly with increased gasoline prices and household electricity expenditure. Only 43% of the population has access to modern electricity services, which is a big hurdle that the country must overcome. CO2 emissions from electricity generation increase by more than 25%, a change that comes with a decrease in air and water quality. Botswana’s contextual indicators remain mostly stable, with the most notable improvements coming in health and education.