China

Index rank 78

Balance Score

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Energy Sustainability Index Rankings and Balance Score

 2011  2012  2013  Trend Score
Energy Performance  87  85  90   
Energy Security  10  12  18  A
Energy Equity  102  100  101  D
Environmental Sustainability  127  125  126  D
         
Contextual Performance  43  44  44   
Political Strength  77  79  76   
Societal Strength  60  61  61   
Economic Strength  7  9  7   
         
Overall Rank  74  76  78  ADD
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Fossil Fuel Reserves

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Key Metrics

Industrial sector (% of GDP) 45.3
TPEP / TPEC  (net energy importer) 0.90
Emission intensity (kg CO2 per USD) 0.73
Energy affordability (USD per kWh) 0.05
GDP / capita (PPP, USD); GDP Group 8,391 (III)
Energy intensity (million BTU per USD) 0.26
CO2 emissions (metric tons CO2 per capita) 5.42
Population Access to Electricity (%) 99.7
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Index Commentary

China drops two places in the Index, mainly because of a decrease in energy security, which saw all underlying indicators except the diversity of electricity production suffer a slight decline. However, energy security remains by far the strongest of this ‘Highly-industrialised’ country’s three dimensions as it struggles to replicate its success in this dimension with equally strong performances in the other two dimensions of the energy trilemma. Energy equity performance remains low, and gasoline prices and household expenditure on electricity increase slightly. There are efforts to decrease energy and emission intensity as well as CO2 emissions from electricity generation are made. However, China fails to improve its ranking on the environmental sustainability dimension, as peer countries improve more. Contextual performance remains mostly stable, with mediocre results for indicators of political and societal strength, and a continued strong economic performance.