Czech Republic

Index rank 32

Balance Score

ABC

Energy Sustainability Index Rankings and Balance Score

 2011  2012  2013  Trend Score
Energy Performance  38  38  32   
Energy Security  18  16  16  A
Energy Equity  32  37  32  B
Environmental Sustainability  91  90  90  C
         
Contextual Performance  37  39  38   
Political Strength  21  21  18   
Societal Strength  32  40  40   
Economic Strength  71  70  72   
         
Overall Rank  32  35  32  ABC
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Fossil Fuel Reserves

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Key Metrics

Industrial sector (% of GDP) 39.6
TPEP / TPEC  (net energy importer) 0.64
Emission intensity (kg CO2 per USD) 0.47
Energy affordability (USD per kWh) 0.20
GDP / capita (PPP, USD); GDP Group 27,112 (II)
Energy intensity (million BTU per USD) 0.18
CO2 emissions (metric tons CO2 per capita) 10.78
Population Access to Electricity (%) 100.0
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Index Commentary

The Czech Republic moves up three places in the overall Index ranking. While the country has made significant progress in addressing the energy security and equity dimensions of the energy trilemma, the mitigation of its environmental impact lags far behind. Performance on the energy security dimension sees continued diversification of the electricity generation portfolio and a decline in the energy consumption growth rate. The country’s energy equity ranking improves, despite slightly higher household expenditures on electricity. Performance on the environmental sustainability dimension remains relatively poor with comparatively high energy and emission intensity and increasing CO2 emissions from electricity generation. Contextual performance is stable with economic strength remaining to be the weakest dimension due to a high cost of living.

Trends and Outlook

The most recent policy development is the completion of the update of the national energy policy State Energy Concept of the Czech Republic (SEK), which is expected to undergo public review by technical experts and professionals and subsequently considered by the government. The policy is based on the following: 1) construction of new electricity generation units in the existing sites of nuclear power plants; 2) gradual transition from largely extracted lignite deposits towards natural gas and renewable energy sources as the main sources for electricity and heat production because domestic coal remains a stable segment of the country´s energy mix (decrease from today´s 45% to a perspective of less than 20% in the coming decades); 3) medium-term stabilising of combined heat and power (CHP), provision of coal / fuels for central heating; 4) significant efficiency increase in energy production sector and reaching considerable economies in use of all kinds of energy; and 5) reconstruction and development of network infrastructure (electricity, gas) to ensure system integration of decentralised production, operational reliability, as well as ancillary and transit services.

Key issues to be considered by policymakers are: 1) diversification of imported fuels (oil, gas) and enlargement of transport routes and capacities; 2) acceleration and simplification of project administrative approval and permitting procedures for modernising and new constructions of energy infrastructure; and 3) strengthening international cooperation in the process implementing EU Internal Energy Markets and, creating common regional markets, especially for electricity and gas.