Egypt

Index rank 76

Balance Score

BBC

Energy Sustainability Index Rankings and Balance Score

 2011  2012  2013  Trend Score
Energy Performance  60  61  63   
Energy Security  42  52  47  B
Energy Equity  56  56  59  B
Environmental Sustainability  83  81  84  C
         
Contextual Performance  82  90  102   
Political Strength  86  91  107   
Societal Strength  79  90  90   
Economic Strength  85  88  98   
         
Overall Rank  68  73  76  BBC
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Fossil Fuel Reserves

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Key Metrics

Industrial sector (% of GDP) 37.4
TPEP / TPEC  (net energy exporter) 1.17
Emission intensity (kg CO2 per USD) 0.39
Energy affordability (USD per kWh) n.a.
GDP / capita (PPP, USD); GDP Group 6,455 (III)
Energy intensity (million BTU per USD) 0.16
CO2 emissions (metric tons CO2 per capita) 2.13
Population Access to Electricity (%) 99.6
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Index Commentary

Egypt drops three places in the Index, down to the rank of 76. As a member of the ‘Fossil-fueled’ country grouping, Egypt shows a lopsided energy trilemma balance typical of that category with above-average energy security and equity offset by a weaker environmental sustainability performance. Energy security remains the country’s strongest energy dimension and improves as the energy consumption growth rate slows. A slight increase in household expenditures on electricity leads to a drop in energy equity. The reduction of CO2 emissions from electricity generation are not enough to improve Egypt’s environmental sustainability ranking, as peer countries improve more. Contextual indicators remain weak, and political and economic strength are already slipping considerably even though the effects of the Arab Spring are not yet reflected in the data.

Trends and Outlook

As the most populous country in North Africa, Egypt is keen to improve its energy sustainability. Therefore, energy has become one of the most important topics in recent years. Due to the political transition the country is going through, challenges related to energy security need to be overcome. These challenges include an insufficient electricity capacity to meet the demand and no reserve capacities, low energy efficiency especially in the industrial sector, or the slow progress new and renewable energy projects make due to the incremental cost gap between fossil fuel and renewable technologies.

The most recent energy policy developments are to address: 1) expansion of new power capacities at the least cost location; 2) diversification of power generation by expanding wind farms, and introducing solar PV and solar thermal generation to benefit from one of the best solar belt locations in the world; 3) improvement of the energy tariff structure to encourage energy saving measures; 4) encouragement of the private sector to invest in the development of energy infrastructure including renewable energy projects using build, own, operate (BOO) schemes; and 5) extension of the regional interconnection power grid capacity between Egypt and Arab, African and European countries.