Ethiopia

Index rank 112

Balance Score

BDD

Energy Sustainability Index Rankings and Balance Score

 2011  2012  2013  Trend Score
Energy Performance  104  102  99   
Energy Security  104  102  97  D
Energy Equity  120  118  119  D
Environmental Sustainability  50  51  47  B
         
Contextual Performance  123  117  122   
Political Strength  115  115  113   
Societal Strength  116  116  116   
Economic Strength  123  95  124   
         
Overall Rank  117  110  112  BDD
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Fossil Fuel Reserves

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Key Metrics

Industrial sector (% of GDP) 14.6
TPEP / TPEC  (net energy importer) 0.35
Emission intensity (kg CO2 per USD) 0.07
Energy affordability (USD per kWh) n.a.
GDP / capita (PPP, USD); GDP Group 1,119 (IV)
Energy intensity (million BTU per USD) 0.41
CO2 emissions (metric tons CO2 per capita) 0.07
Population Access to Electricity (%) 23.0
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Index Commentary

Although Ethiopia’s overall energy performance improves this year, weakening contextual indicators of economic strength cause the country to fall two places in the overall Index rankings. As one of the ‘Hydro-powered’ countries, Ethiopia exhibits many of the same challenges in balancing the energy trilemma that are faced by the other countries in that group. A strong environmental sustainability performance is unfortunately overshadowed by poorer performances results on the energy security and equity dimensions. With regards to Ethiopia’s energy security, this year sees a more favorable ratio of total energy production to consumption. But, the country continues to struggle with high transmission and distribution losses and a homogenous electricity mix because it is almost solely reliant on hydropower. Household expenditure on electricity decreases, which improves the country’s energy equity ranking. Environmental sustainability, Ethiopia’s strongest dimension, sees further reductions in emission intensity and CO2 emissions per kWh of electricity generated. Contextual performance on indicators of political and societal strength is weak but stable. The country’s economic strength falls to quite an extent because of a drop in macroeconomic stability.