Iran

Index rank 91

Balance Score

BCD

Energy Sustainability Index Rankings and Balance Score

 2011  2012  2013  Trend Score
Energy Performance  79  66  87   
Energy Security  73  50  75  C
Energy Equity  34  31  44  B
Environmental Sustainability  121  118  119  D
         
Contextual Performance  100  93  95   
Political Strength  120  120  115   
Societal Strength  90  81  81   
Economic Strength  79  69  89   
         
Overall Rank  90  77  91  BCD
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Fossil Fuel Reserves

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Key Metrics

Industrial sector (% of GDP) 0.0
TPEP / TPEC  (net energy exporter) 1.60
Emission intensity (kg CO2 per USD) 0.63
Energy affordability (USD per kWh) n.a.
GDP / capita (PPP, USD); GDP Group 13,312 (III)
Energy intensity (million BTU per USD) 0.26
CO2 emissions (metric tons CO2 per capita) 6.94
Population Access to Electricity (%) 98.4
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Index Commentary

Iran drops 14 places in this year’s Index as energy security, energy equity, and economic strength all fall, and across-the-board performance reverts to 2011 levels after improvements last year. Iran’s balancing of the various dimensions of the energy trilemma is lopsided, with a respectable energy equity ranking but slightly lagging performance in energy security counterbalanced by the country’s lack of mitigation of its environmental impact. A high energy consumption growth rate, high distribution losses of electricity (an amount equal to 15% of total electricity generated), and low diversity of the electricity generation portfolio result in a lower energy security rank than might be expected from an OPEC country, despite favourable energy production to consumption and import to export ratios and vast strategic reserves. Energy equity remains Iran’s strongest energy dimension, even though the relative price of electricity increases for Iranian households. Performance on the environmental sustainability dimension remains a serious challenge for Iran as it continues to perform rather poorly across all indicators, with high energy and emission intensity, levels of pollution, and amounts of CO2 emitted from electricity generation. Contextually, indicators of political and societal strength continue to be flat and low, with the exception of education. Economic strength, which in the past has been Iran’s strongest contextual dimension, falls this year due to increasing macroeconomic instability.