Kazakhstan

Index rank 58

Balance Score

ABD

Energy Sustainability Index Rankings and Balance Score

 2011  2012  2013  Trend Score
Energy Performance  52  51  43   
Energy Security  5  8  6  A
Energy Equity  40  35  35  B
Environmental Sustainability  122  119  116  D
         
Contextual Performance  74  84  90   
Political Strength  65  69  83   
Societal Strength  86  102  102   
Economic Strength  69  76  79   
         
Overall Rank  56  57  58  ABD
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Fossil Fuel Reserves

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Key Metrics

Industrial sector (% of GDP) 37.9
TPEP / TPEC  (net energy exporter) 2.58
Emission intensity (kg CO2 per USD) 1.21
Energy affordability (USD per kWh) 0.04
GDP / capita (PPP, USD); GDP Group 13,253 (III)
Energy intensity (million BTU per USD) 0.40
CO2 emissions (metric tons CO2 per capita) 13.95
Population Access to Electricity (%) 100.0
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Index Commentary

Kazakhstan falls one place in this year’s Index with performance on the three energy dimensions either constant or improving. Kazakhstan, a ‘Fossil-fuelled’ country, has strong energy security and energy equity rankings, and a very poor environmental sustainability performance. The country’s exceptional energy security gets better this year as transmission and distribution losses decline and Kazakhstan further diversifies its electricity generation portfolio away from fossil fuels to include more hydropower. Energy equity continues to be good, despite rising gasoline prices, as the perceived quality of the country’s very affordable electricity increases. While Kazakhstan’s performance on the environmental sustainability dimension still lags very far behind performance on the other two dimensions, improvements are made across the board in energy intensity, emission intensity, and CO2 emissions from electricity generation. Contextual indicators of political, societal, and economic strength all remain on the lower end of the spectrum, with the notable exception of the country’s robust macroeconomic stability. Political stability weakens considerably this year.

Trends and Outlook

The Kazakhstan government together with the business sector, energy industry and industrial associations, has developed and implemented a clear energy strategy and well-defined energy policy that support the development of a sustainable energy system.

The most recent policy developments that are expected to improve Kazakhstan’s energy sustainability balance include: 1) strengthening state institutions responsible for energy efficiency in production, extraction and consumption of energy; 2) clear and comprehensive energy saving programmes to reduce energy intensity of industry targets (reduce 10% by 2015 and 25% by 2020 compared to 2008); 3) the adoption of policies to support the development and inclusion of available renewable energy sources (RES) into the energy mix (electricity generated from RES should reach 1 billion kWh per year by 2014, almost 3 times the 2009 level); and 4) plans and programs to facilitate the modernisation of existing power generation, power grids and oil refining installations.

Policymakers will continue existing successful practices to maintain a favourable investment climate, which allows improvements to the country’s energy sustainability balance, and also attracts investment into the exploration and production of energy resources for export to world markets. There is a need to continue the development of power generating facilities by introducing cutting-edge technologies that will not only ensure domestic supply, but also enable the country to offer significant amounts of electricity to markets in neighbouring countries. Furthermore, reducing energy intensity and supporting the use of available renewable energy resources have to remain a key focus.