Kenya

Index rank 108

Balance Score

BCD

Energy Sustainability Index Rankings and Balance Score

 2011  2012  2013  Trend Score
Energy Performance  99  107  100   
Energy Security  90  93  88  C
Energy Equity  113  114  114  D
Environmental Sustainability  62  74  63  B
         
Contextual Performance  115  115  118   
Political Strength  103  101  102   
Societal Strength  118  122  122   
Economic Strength  98  90  99   
         
Overall Rank  107  113  108  BCD
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Fossil Fuel Reserves

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Key Metrics

Industrial sector (% of GDP) 14.8
TPEP / TPEC  (net energy importer) 0.23
Emission intensity (kg CO2 per USD) 0.17
Energy affordability (USD per kWh) n.a.
GDP / capita (PPP, USD); GDP Group 1,741 (IV)
Energy intensity (million BTU per USD) 0.32
CO2 emissions (metric tons CO2 per capita) 0.26
Population Access to Electricity (%) 23.0
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Index Commentary

Kenya increases five places in the Index as performance on the energy dimensions improves. Kenya continues to struggle with balancing the energy trilemma, as energy equity lags behind its performances on the energy security and environmental sustainability dimensions. With Kenya producing less than a quarter of the total energy it consumes, overall energy security remains fairly low. However, the country continues to keep its economy growing faster than energy consumption rates, which is good for the future. Energy equity remains Kenya’s weakest energy dimension, with high gasoline prices and only 23% of its citizens having access to expensive electricity services. Environmental sustainability is Kenya’s strongest dimension, and this year sees big reductions in CO2 emissions from electricity generation. Kenya will face the challenge of keeping these emissions low (fossil fuels currently make up only around a quarter of Kenya’s electricity fuel mix) as it works to strengthen its economy and increase energy equity. Contextual performance continues to be low, with this year’s big changes being improvements in education and a dip in macroeconomic stability.