Lebanon

Index rank 109

Balance Score

CCD

Energy Sustainability Index Rankings and Balance Score

 2011  2012  2013  Trend Score
Energy Performance  108  113  121   
Energy Security  125  122  127  D
Energy Equity  76  84  87  C
Environmental Sustainability  84  87  89  C
         
Contextual Performance  73  69  70   
Political Strength  105  95  96   
Societal Strength  66  69  69   
Economic Strength  49  49  48   
         
Overall Rank  101  105  109  CCD
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Fossil Fuel Reserves

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Key Metrics

Industrial sector (% of GDP) 19.7
TPEP / TPEC  (net energy importer) 0.03
Emission intensity (kg CO2 per USD) 0.36
Energy affordability (USD per kWh) n.a.
GDP / capita (PPP, USD); GDP Group 15,449 (II)
Energy intensity (million BTU per USD) 0.12
CO2 emissions (metric tons CO2 per capita) 4.54
Population Access to Electricity (%) 99.9
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Index Commentary

Lebanon falls four places in the Index as performance declines on all three energy dimensions. The country’s rankings on the three energy dimensions are all low, with energy security almost lacking entirely. Producing a mere 3% of the energy it consumes and having no oil stocks of its own, Lebanon is heavily reliant on fuel imports and is ill-equipped to handle any potential disruptions to its energy supply. The lack of diversity of its electricity fuel mix does not help either, as the country relies on burning fossil fuels to generate 94% of its electricity. Energy equity performance is comparatively better, although the quality of electricity services is perceived to be low and getting worse. Lebanon’s environmental sustainability performance is weak as well, with notably high emission intensity and CO2 emissions from electricity generation, although the latter improves incrementally this year. Contextually, Lebanon is plagued by low levels of political stability, control of corruption, and rule of law. The country’s economic strength is its best contextual dimension, with a low cost of living and decent availability of domestic credit to the private sector. However, macroeconomic stability continues to be extremely poor.

Trends and Outlook

Lebanon has a chronic electricity supply problem. However, in 2010, the government approved a promising strategy for the rehabilitation of the power sector, including the development of energy efficiency and renewable energy. The national target is to reach 12% of renewable energy out of the total electricity production in 2020. Energy efficiency target is to minimise demand by 5% in 2015. Challenges include mainly updating the legislative framework of the power sector.

In addition to the policy paper, Lebanon is the first country in the Arab world to develop its National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEAP) in 2011. Currently, the Renewable Energy Strategy is under preparation. Furthermore, Lebanon is embarking on a promising oil and gas exploration programme.

Policymakers should focus on creating an enabling legislative framework for the development of renewable energy and energy efficiency, in addition to setting clear environmental regulations for the upcoming oil and gas industry.