Lithuania

Index rank 42

Balance Score

ABC

Energy Sustainability Index Rankings and Balance Score

 2011  2012  2013  Trend Score
Energy Performance  46  37  48   
Energy Security  86  80  93  C
Energy Equity  47  46  46  B
Environmental Sustainability  22  16  26  A
         
Contextual Performance  38  40  42   
Political Strength  35  35  36   
Societal Strength  39  39  39   
Economic Strength  57  63  69   
         
Overall Rank  41  36  42  ABC
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Fossil Fuel Reserves

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Key Metrics

Industrial sector (% of GDP) 28.4
TPEP / TPEC  (net energy importer) 0.05
Emission intensity (kg CO2 per USD) 0.24
Energy affordability (USD per kWh) n.a.
GDP / capita (PPP, USD); GDP Group 20,343 (II)
Energy intensity (million BTU per USD) 0.13
CO2 emissions (metric tons CO2 per capita) 3.98
Population Access to Electricity (%) 100.0
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Index Commentary

Lithuania falls six places in the overall Index rankings as energy security and environmental sustainability decline. The three sides of the energy trilemma are not very well-balanced by Lithuania, as it has a low degree of energy security, provides decent levels of energy equity, and manages its impact on the environment well. Energy security continues to be the most challenging dimension for Lithuania, which produces a mere 5% of the total energy it consumes. Despite declining energy consumption, the country’s total energy production to consumption and energy import to export ratios have become much less favourable as domestic energy production, and the diversity of the electricity fuel mix has fallen in the wake of the closure of Lithuania’s last nuclear power plant at the end of 2009. Transmission and distribution losses also increase from 7% to 23% of total electricity generated. Energy equity does not see significant changes. Performance on the environmental sustainability dimension declines but remains good. The biggest change is a large increase in CO2 emissions from electricity generation. Again this is likely to be associated with stopping the use of nuclear power and shifting the electricity fuel mix back towards a heavier reliance on fossil fuels. Indicators of contextual performance decrease just slightly across the board.