Nepal

Index rank 111

Balance Score

BDD

Energy Sustainability Index Rankings and Balance Score

 2011  2012  2013  Trend Score
Energy Performance  113  111  116   
Energy Security  119  118  125  D
Energy Equity  122  122  122  D
Environmental Sustainability  47  47  46  B
         
Contextual Performance  96  89  88   
Political Strength  122  119  117   
Societal Strength  117  121  121   
Economic Strength  40  24  22   
         
Overall Rank  110  108  111  BDD
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Fossil Fuel Reserves

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Key Metrics

Industrial sector (% of GDP) 15.3
TPEP / TPEC  (net energy importer) 0.37
Emission intensity (kg CO2 per USD) 0.09
Energy affordability (USD per kWh) n.a.
GDP / capita (PPP, USD); GDP Group 1,249 (IV)
Energy intensity (million BTU per USD) 0.31
CO2 emissions (metric tons CO2 per capita) 0.10
Population Access to Electricity (%) 76.3
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Index Commentary

Nepal, a ‘Back of the Pack’ country, drops three places in the Index, mostly because of decreased energy security, which becomes its weakest energy dimension. The decline in Nepal’s energy security ranking is driven by a less favourable ratio of total energy production to consumption, but the root causes of its weak performance on this dimension continue to be the country’s lacking oil stocks, its homogenous electricity fuel mix (100% hydropower), and the high transmission and distribution losses (34% of total electricity generated). Energy equity also remains extremely low in Nepal, with high gasoline prices and expensive electricity that is inaccessible (Nepal has a 76% electrification rate) and perceived to be of low quality. Despite poor performances on the energy security and energy equity dimensions, Nepal does comparatively well at mitigating its impact on the environment. Energy intensity is high and air and water qualities are low, but the country’s reliance on hydropower for electricity results in almost no carbon emissions from electricity generation. Contextual performance is largely flat, with political strength and societal strength continuing to be among the lowest globally, and economic strength very high.