Nigeria

Index rank 84

Balance Score

ACD

Energy Sustainability Index Rankings and Balance Score

 2011  2012  2013  Trend Score
Energy Performance  68  71  67   
Energy Security  9  13  13  A
Energy Equity  115  109  111  D
Environmental Sustainability  79  82  79  C
         
Contextual Performance  124  128  121   
Political Strength  126  125  122   
Societal Strength  124  127  127   
Economic Strength  105  117  97   
         
Overall Rank  88  90  84  ACD
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Fossil Fuel Reserves

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Key Metrics

Industrial sector (% of GDP) 43.0
TPEP / TPEC  (net energy exporter) 8.74
Emission intensity (kg CO2 per USD) 0.13
Energy affordability (USD per kWh) n.a.
GDP / capita (PPP, USD); GDP Group 2,582 (IV)
Energy intensity (million BTU per USD) 0.32
CO2 emissions (metric tons CO2 per capita) 0.29
Population Access to Electricity (%) 48.0
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Index Commentary

Nigeria rises six places to rank 84, with the most notable change being an improvement in its contextual performance. Nigeria has difficulty balancing the three sides of the energy trilemma, as it has an excellent level of energy security, but struggles with both providing energy equity and mitigating its impact on the environment. This year sees a decline in total energy consumption, but an increase in domestic production, thus making the energy exporter’s production to consumption ratio even more favourable and allowing it to add to its strategic oil stocks. However, electricity transmission and distribution losses are up, increasing to 18% of the total amount of electricity generated. Energy equity remains by far Nigeria’s weakest energy dimension, with gasoline becoming even more expensive and only less than half of Nigerians having access to modern electricity services. To sustain and continue economic growth and become par with South Africa, Nigeria needs to urgently solve its issues with power generation. Environmental sustainability performance also remains low, but some progress is made in lowering the high level of energy intensity and reducing the amount of CO2 emissions from electricity generation. Contextual performance overall is weak, with low but improving indicators of political strength, low and slipping indicators of societal strength, and a comparatively higher level of economic strength, which is buoyed by improving macroeconomic stability.