Pakistan

Index rank 114

Balance Score

BDD

Energy Sustainability Index Rankings and Balance Score

 2011  2012  2013  Trend Score
Energy Performance  109  108  98   
Energy Security  75  73  56  B
Energy Equity  103  103  103  D
Environmental Sustainability  107  108  100  D
         
Contextual Performance  125  125  126   
Political Strength  118  117  119   
Societal Strength  122  124  124   
Economic Strength  117  119  123   
         
Overall Rank  120  121  114  BDD
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Fossil Fuel Reserves

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Key Metrics

Industrial sector (% of GDP) 25.5
TPEP / TPEC  (net energy importer) 0.68
Emission intensity (kg CO2 per USD) 0.30
Energy affordability (USD per kWh) n.a.
GDP / capita (PPP, USD); GDP Group 2,786 (IV)
Energy intensity (million BTU per USD) 0.20
CO2 emissions (metric tons CO2 per capita) 0.74
Population Access to Electricity (%) 91.4
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Index Commentary

Pakistan improves seven places in the overall Index rankings as energy security jumps this year. One of the ‘Highly-industrialised’ countries, Pakistan faces many of the same challenges as the other members of that group when it comes to balancing the energy trilemma, resulting in a stronger energy security ranking being offset by two equally weak performances on the energy equity and environmental sustainability dimensions. Total energy consumption increases in Pakistan, but both economic development (as measured by GDP) and domestic energy production increase more. Increasing diversity in the electricity generation portfolio, which is a mix of conventional thermal power, hydropower, and a small amount of nuclear power, also helps to boost Pakistan’s energy security ranking. Meanwhile, energy equity remains low, as energy prices increase. Some improvements are made in reducing CO2 emissions from electricity generation, but Pakistan continues to struggle with extremely high levels of air and water pollution. Performances on all indicators of political, societal, and economic strength are stable, but remain very poor.

Trends and Outlook

Key trends, which are expected to support Pakistan’s moving up in the Index rankings are: 1) the continued increase of the share of renewable energy in the electricity production mix; 2) stringent energy conservation rules and regulations; and 3) synergy in all energy related departments / ministries through development of a single ministry of energy.