Index rank 45

Balance Score


Energy Sustainability Index Rankings and Balance Score

 2011  2012  2013  Trend Score
Energy Performance  37  33  45   
Energy Security  8  9  21  A
Energy Equity  99  91  96  C
Environmental Sustainability  34  34  43  B
Contextual Performance  72  66  60   
Political Strength  79  76  69   
Societal Strength  82  79  79   
Economic Strength  55  47  23   
Overall Rank  47  41  45  ABC
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Fossil Fuel Reserves

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Key Metrics

Industrial sector (% of GDP) 33.9
TPEP / TPEC  (net energy importer) 0.95
Emission intensity (kg CO2 per USD) 0.17
Energy affordability (USD per kWh) 0.13
GDP / capita (PPP, USD); GDP Group 10,062 (III)
Energy intensity (million BTU per USD) 0.08
CO2 emissions (metric tons CO2 per capita) 1.55
Population Access to Electricity (%) 85.1
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Index Commentary

Peru slips four places in the Index rankings as deteriorations in performance on all three energy dimensions overshadow improvements made on the country’s contextual dimensions. Although Peru is a member of the “Hydro-powered” grouping of countries, unlike in most of those countries, energy security outperforms the environmental sustainability dimension. However, in Peru, energy equity still lags quite a bit behind. Peru, which is able to meet 95% of its energy needs through domestic production, sees both total energy consumption continue to rise and production increase by even more to compensate. The drop in the country’s strong energy security ranking is driven by declining oil stocks and an increase in electricity transmission and distribution losses. On the energy equity dimension, the affordability of gasoline is down, as is the perceived quality of the electricity that Peruvians receive. With hydropower making up 60% of Peru’s electricity fuel mix, the country continues to perform decently (despite some declines) on most of the environmental sustainability indicators, with the exception of air and water pollution levels that continue to be among the highest in the world. Contextually, Peru sees positive progress across the board, with notable gains being made on indicators of political strength and on macroeconomic stability.

Trends and Outlook

Peru`s National Energy Policy 2010-2040 was approved at the end of 2010 with the goal to encourage and protect private investment in the sector; and to minimises the social and environmental impacts by promoting the development of energy markets, encouraging efficiency and the development of renewable energies at the local, regional, and national level.

Schemes to support these goals are already in place and include: 1) a law, passed in April 2012, to promote energy security in hydrocarbons; 2) a scheme to promote the modernisation of oil refineries; 3) a universal energy access plan for the 2013-2022 period, implemented in May 2013, with clearly defined targets for different subcomponents; and 4) auctions and call for tenders to secure the implementation of hydro projects. Additional fiscal incentives are in place for small scale hydro, solar, wind, biomass, and geothermal.