Poland

Index rank 48

Balance Score

BBC

Energy Sustainability Index Rankings and Balance Score

 2011  2012  2013  Trend Score
Energy Performance  56  55  54   
Energy Security  35  34  38  B
Energy Equity  43  44  39  B
Environmental Sustainability  93  93  94  C
         
Contextual Performance  48  49  52   
Political Strength  32  29  30   
Societal Strength  33  34  34   
Economic Strength  88  93  96   
         
Overall Rank  50  50  48  BBC
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Fossil Fuel Reserves

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Key Metrics

Industrial sector (% of GDP) 34.2
TPEP / TPEC  (net energy importer) 0.62
Emission intensity (kg CO2 per USD) 0.46
Energy affordability (USD per kWh) 0.19
GDP / capita (PPP, USD); GDP Group 20,013 (II)
Energy intensity (million BTU per USD) 0.15
CO2 emissions (metric tons CO2 per capita) 8.30
Population Access to Electricity (%) 100.0
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Index Commentary

Poland moves up two places in the overall Index rankings, but continues to struggle with balancing the three sides of the energy trilemma, with good performances on the energy security and energy equity dimensions, and a poor environmental sustainability ranking. Poland’s energy consumption growth rate is smaller than its GDP growth, but domestic energy production is flat. The country’s improved ranking on this dimension is driven by the increased diversity of its electricity fuel mix (now 8% renewables) and reductions in electricity transmission and distribution losses. Energy costs for the Polish people increase slightly, but remain relatively affordable. The environmental sustainability dimension continues to be the most challenging for Poland. The problematic indicators are the high level of emission intensity and CO2 emissions from electricity generation, although the latter improves slightly this year as the country increases its use of renewables. Contextual performance is mostly constant; Poland has decent levels of political and societal strength, but a comparatively weaker economy.

Trends and Outlook

The following most recent energy policy developments are expected to affect energy efficiency positively, increase energy security and improve the mitigation of the environmental impact: 1) diversification of the structure of electricity production by the decision to build nuclear plants; 2) improvement of energy efficiency by reducing energy consumption, increasing energy efficiency and reducing energy losses in manufacturing and distribution; 3) introduction of incentives that foster the development of renewable energy; 4) diversification of gas supplies; 5) increase of the competitiveness of fuels and energy by liberalisation of the markets; 6) increase energy security by improving the legal framework for exploration works for domestic primary energy fuels; and 7) limiting the energy sector impact on environment by the development of clean coal technologies.

Expected future trends effecting Poland’s sustainability balance and the issues for policymakers to focus on are: 1) the development of the country’s network infrastructure by promoting the development of transmission systems for electricity, natural gas, petroleum, system monitoring stocks of crude oil, petroleum products and natural gas; 2) further diversification of sources for energy supply; 3) modernisation of the electricity production sector through building new, more efficient thermal power, greater use of biomass and biogas; 4) increase the security of primary fuel supply through investments in more efficient coal mining exploitation and exploration for conventional and unconventional gas; 5) increase transport biofuels production and use; 6) improvement of energy efficiency by reducing energy consumption, increasing energy efficiency and reducing energy losses in manufacturing and distribution; 7) further development and deployment of clean coal technologies; and 8) development of a low-carbon economy by improving energy intensity and by deploying low-emission technologies to achieve zero-emission growth.