Index rank 23

Balance Score


Energy Sustainability Index Rankings and Balance Score

 2011  2012  2013  Trend Score
Energy Performance  35  32  27   
Energy Security  59  58  55  B
Energy Equity  52  48  53  B
Environmental Sustainability  29  26  20  A
Contextual Performance  27  33  28   
Political Strength  27  34  35   
Societal Strength  30  28  28   
Economic Strength  31  38  36   
Overall Rank  25  25  23  ABB
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Fossil Fuel Reserves

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Key Metrics

Industrial sector (% of GDP) 22.6
TPEP / TPEC  (net energy importer) 0.25
Emission intensity (kg CO2 per USD) 0.21
Energy affordability (USD per kWh) 0.26
GDP / capita (PPP, USD); GDP Group 23,658 (II)
Energy intensity (million BTU per USD) 0.10
CO2 emissions (metric tons CO2 per capita) 4.54
Population Access to Electricity (%) 100.0
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Index Commentary

Portugal improves by two places to rank 23 in the Index. Portugal’s energy trilemma balance consists of two fair performances on the energy security and equity dimensions, and a very good performance in mitigating its impact on the environment. Regarding its energy security, Portugal sees total energy consumption increase after being stable for the last few years, but domestic energy production jumps to compensate. Despite already having one of the most well-rounded electricity generation portfolios in the world (a balance between fossil fuels, hydropower, and other renewables), Portugal further diversifies its electricity fuel mix this year. Energy equity sees a decline as both gasoline and electricity become more expensive. Portugal does better on the environmental sustainability dimension, as it continues to reduce its CO2 emissions from electricity generation. On the indicators of contextual strength, Portugal once again exhibits a solid, well-rounded performance, despite its present economic situation.

Trends and Outlook

Portuguese energy policies and investments in security and sustainability, already reflected in the Index results, will be pursued, as well as reduction of energy costs in order to strengthen economic competitiveness. Social tariffs for gas and electricity are in place to improve energyequity. The recast national energy efficiency action programme will give particular attention to buildings and transport sectors.

New conversion units in Portuguese refineries allow the reduction of crude oil and oil product imports. At the same time, the refining company increases the share of equity oil in its supply. Furthermore, exploration for oil and gas in Protugal is in progress, both onshore and offshore.

Renewable capacity, mainly wind and hydro generation, keeps expanding. In the last four years, the average share of renewables in total generation was above 40%.

Support is being given to RD&D by the establishment of a 320 km2 Sea Pilot Zone for wave energy testing, as well as to the demonstration stage of a promising deep-water offshore wind generation technology.

Achieving improved interconnection power grid capacity between the Iberian Peninsula and central Europe remains a major goal, which will allow Portugal to increase market competition and develop existing renewable power export potential.