Romania

Index rank 52

Balance Score

ACC

Energy Sustainability Index Rankings and Balance Score

 2011  2012  2013  Trend Score
Energy Performance  47  46  53   
Energy Security  4  4  9  A
Energy Equity  57  59  70  C
Environmental Sustainability  95  92  88  C
         
Contextual Performance  66  72  69   
Political Strength  54  53  56   
Societal Strength  53  65  65   
Economic Strength  97  98  90   
         
Overall Rank  51  52  52  ACC
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Fossil Fuel Reserves

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Key Metrics

Industrial sector (% of GDP) 33.0
TPEP / TPEC  (net energy importer) 0.80
Emission intensity (kg CO2 per USD) 0.32
Energy affordability (USD per kWh) n.a.
GDP / capita (PPP, USD); GDP Group 12,520 (III)
Energy intensity (million BTU per USD) 0.15
CO2 emissions (metric tons CO2 per capita) 3.59
Population Access to Electricity (%) 100.0
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Index Commentary

Romania’s overall Index ranking remains unchanged. There is an imbalance in Romania’s energy trilemma. It has an extremely strong energy security ranking and much weaker performances on the energy equity and environmental sustainability dimensions. Both energy consumption and production are down, and the country maintains a healthy energy production to consumption ratio, meeting 80% of its energy needs itself. Romania further increases the diversity of its electricity generation portfolio, which is a well-rounded mix of fossil fuels, hydropower, nuclear power, and a small amount of other renewables. The country’s energy equity ranking drops as gasoline becomes more expensive and the perceived quality of electricity services declines slightly. Although still the worst of Romania’s three energy dimensions, the country’s environmental sustainability performance sees some improvement as carbon emissions from electricity generation are reduced. However, air and water pollution continue to be a big challenge for Romania. Contextual performance is mostly stable and similar to last year, besides a small drop in political stability and an increase in macroeconomic stability.

Trends and Outlook

The most recent energy policy development that is expected to have a positive influence on the country’s energy sustainability balance is the revision of Romania’s renewable energy law, which will offer differentiated, and potentially lucrative, green certificate packages across all renewable technologies. However, the implementation of the law has been postponed since 2008 and the delay has resulted in uncertainty of returns for investors already implementing projects and has discouraged potential new investors from entering the market.

Key issues for policymakers to focus on include: 1) integration of renewable energy sources; 2) energy infrastructure development, especially in the electricity transmission and distribution grid; 3) market integration at regional and European level; and 4) increasing environmental impact mitigation efforts.