Saudi Arabia

Index rank 51

Balance Score


Energy Sustainability Index Rankings and Balance Score

 2011  2012  2013  Trend Score
Energy Performance  57  57  57   
Energy Security  32  38  45  B
Energy Equity  18  14  12  A
Environmental Sustainability  124  124  124  D
Contextual Performance  42  42  47   
Political Strength  73  70  79   
Societal Strength  52  55  55   
Economic Strength  16  15  14   
Overall Rank  48  49  51  ABD
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Fossil Fuel Reserves

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Key Metrics

Industrial sector (% of GDP) 66.9
TPEP / TPEC  (net energy exporter) 3.15
Emission intensity (kg CO2 per USD) 0.79
Energy affordability (USD per kWh) n.a.
GDP / capita (PPP, USD); GDP Group 29,401 (II)
Energy intensity (million BTU per USD) 0.31
CO2 emissions (metric tons CO2 per capita) 16.86
Population Access to Electricity (%) 94.1
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Index Commentary

Saudi Arabia’s ranking drops two places in this year’s Index. As one of the ‘Fossil-Fuelled’ countries, Saudi Arabia’s energy trilemma is balanced with high levels of energy security and energy equity, and poor mitigation of its impact on the environment. Its performance on the energy security drops by several ranks. While the country’s plentiful oil resources make it the world’s largest oil producer, it relies exclusively on fossil fuels for electricity (although it is looking to diversify into solar power) and energy exports make up a large part of the kingdom’s GDP. Energy consumption also continues to increase, although the rate of growth has slowed down in recent years. Performance on energy equity remains high, helped largely by cheap gasoline and plentiful, high-quality electricity, and its global rank on this dimension continues to improve. Environmental sustainability still lags severely since Saudi Arabia’s energy mix relies entirely on fossil fuels. Contextual political, social, and economic conditions are similar to last year, with slight decreases in political stability, effectiveness of government, and control of corruption counterbalanced by improvements in health, education, and macroeconomic stability.