Sri Lanka

Index rank 69

Balance Score


Energy Sustainability Index Rankings and Balance Score

 2011  2012  2013  Trend Score
Energy Performance  68  65  64   
Energy Security  72  72  72  C
Energy Equity  90  82  80  C
Environmental Sustainability  41  45  40  B
Contextual Performance  80  74  71   
Political Strength  100  87  76   
Societal Strength  54  54  54   
Economic Strength  91  79  85   
Overall Rank  73  69  69  BCC
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Fossil Fuel Reserves

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Key Metrics

Industrial sector (% of GDP) 30.1
TPEP / TPEC  (net energy importer) 0.24
Emission intensity (kg CO2 per USD) 0.14
Energy affordability (USD per kWh) n.a.
GDP / capita (PPP, USD); GDP Group 5,676 (IV)
Energy intensity (million BTU per USD) 0.10
CO2 emissions (metric tons CO2 per capita) 0.67
Population Access to Electricity (%) 85.1
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Index Commentary

Sri Lanka’s overall Index ranking stays the same this year. A member of the ‘Hydro-powered’ group of countries, Sri Lanka has a high degree of environmental sustainability that is offset by average performances on the energy security and equity dimensions. Its rank on the energy security dimension remains constant at 72. Sri Lanka’s low ratio of energy production to supply and lack of oil reserves are balanced out by its continuous reduction in its energy consumption growth rate and a diversified electricity generation portfolio that is split almost evenly between thermal and hydropower. Energy equity improves slightly, but remains the country’s weakest dimension. While Sri Lanka’s economy is not particularly energy or emissions-intensive, air and water pollution are still problematic. Contextually, all of Sri Lanka’s political strength indicators improve considerably, while indicators of societal strength remain relatively flat and macroeconomic stability is weakened.