Syria

Index rank 87

Balance Score

BBD

Energy Sustainability Index Rankings and Balance Score

 2011  2012  2013  Trend Score
Energy Performance  86  84  75   
Energy Security  30  33  52  B
Energy Equity  92  87  52  B
Environmental Sustainability  117  116  113  D
         
Contextual Performance  108  110  117   
Political Strength  109  109  114   
Societal Strength  98  113  113   
Economic Strength  94  82  93   
         
Overall Rank  97  94  87  BBD
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Fossil Fuel Reserves

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Key Metrics

Industrial sector (% of GDP) 0.0
TPEP / TPEC  (net energy exporter) 1.19
Emission intensity (kg CO2 per USD) n.a.
Energy affordability (USD per kWh) n.a.
GDP / capita (PPP, USD); GDP Group 5,041 (IV)
Energy intensity (million BTU per USD) n.a.
CO2 emissions (metric tons CO2 per capita) 2.67
Population Access to Electricity (%) 92.7
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Index Commentary

Overall, Syria improves seven places in this year’s Index. Syria’s energy trilemma balance is weighted with equal, average performances on the energy security and equity dimensions being negated by a poor environmental sustainability ranking. Syria is an oil exporter and has reserve oil stocks to last it a year, but its performance on the energy security dimension suffers as energy consumption outpaces GDP growth. Energy equity improves this year as Syria offers more of its people cheaper and higher-quality electricity. Meanwhile, the country’s performance on environmental sustainability lags far behind, with an emissions and energy-intensive economy, high levels of pollution, and an electricity generation mix that is 94% conventional thermal. Indicators of political, societal, and economic strength are all low. The Index does not yet fully factor in the effects of Syria’s civil war as many indicators use 2011 or 2010 data, the most recent years available.