Tunisia

Index rank 36

Balance Score

BBB

Energy Sustainability Index Rankings and Balance Score

 2011  2012  2013  Trend Score
Energy Performance  27  29  35   
Energy Security  15  15  28  B
Energy Equity  58  55  57  B
Environmental Sustainability  55  59  56  B
         
Contextual Performance  62  56  59   
Political Strength  58  59  70   
Societal Strength  51  60  60   
Economic Strength  77  53  39   
         
Overall Rank  35  34  36  BBB
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Fossil Fuel Reserves

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Key Metrics

Industrial sector (% of GDP) 29.6
TPEP / TPEC  (net energy importer) 0.84
Emission intensity (kg CO2 per USD) 0.22
Energy affordability (USD per kWh) n.a.
GDP / capita (PPP, USD); GDP Group 9,359 (III)
Energy intensity (million BTU per USD) 0.10
CO2 emissions (metric tons CO2 per capita) 1.86
Population Access to Electricity (%) 99.5
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Index Commentary

Tunisia drops two places, mostly due to a substantial decrease in performance on the energy security dimension. Falling energy production and rising consumption in the energy-importing country leads to a worsening of its production to consumption ratio. Oil stocks also are reduced. Performance on the energy equity dimension slips slightly as cheap gasoline prices are counterbalanced by a dip in the perceived quality of electricity. With regards to Tunisia’s environmental sustainability, energy intensity remains low and emissions remain in control, despite the country’s use of virtually only fossil fuels for electricity generation. Both air and water qualities remain very poor. Contextually, all political and the control of corruption and rule of law indicators worsen. This is probably due to the conditions that ultimately led to the 2011 Arab Spring. Economically, Tunisia performs better, with both macroeconomic stability and the availability of credit to the private sector improving.

Trends and Outlook

Over the past few years, Tunisia has made continued efforts to sustain its economic development and improve the energy sustainability balance. To achieve the latter, policies have been implemented to manage the exploration and production of hydrocarbons that will allow Tunisia to accelerate its economic development and to establish its position on the world market. Furthermore, programmes for the promotion of energy efficiency, renewable energy and energy substitution have been instigated.

Key issues policymakers need to focus on are: 1) increasing the share of renewable energy in electricity generation (including wind, solar and a new CSP scheme) and households (solar water heat, micro generation); and 2) extending the natural gas network in the south and central part of the country.