Turkey

Index rank 75

Balance Score

BCC

Energy Sustainability Index Rankings and Balance Score

 2011  2012  2013  Trend Score
Energy Performance  81  90  74   
Energy Security  94  91  64  B
Energy Equity  60  81  82  C
Environmental Sustainability  76  72  70  C
         
Contextual Performance  78  74  68   
Political Strength  70  67  65   
Societal Strength  58  51  51   
Economic Strength  109  102  91   
         
Overall Rank  82  87  75  BCC
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Fossil Fuel Reserves

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Key Metrics

Industrial sector (% of GDP) 28.1
TPEP / TPEC  (net energy importer) 0.30
Emission intensity (kg CO2 per USD) 0.31
Energy affordability (USD per kWh) 0.18
GDP / capita (PPP, USD); GDP Group 14,543 (II)
Energy intensity (million BTU per USD) 0.12
CO2 emissions (metric tons CO2 per capita) 4.12
Population Access to Electricity (%) 100.0
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Index Commentary

Turkey’s strong improvements on the energy security indicators facilitate the country’s upward movement in this year’s Index. Turkey balances the three competing sides of the energy trilemma well, despite low to below average rankings on all three dimensions. With regards to energy security, the country’s energy consumption growth rate continues to decline, while energy imports fall and the diversity of the electricity fuel mix increases. Performance on the energy equity dimension is largely flat, with a dip in the quality of electricity almost being balanced out by gasoline becoming slightly more affordable, although it is still very expensive. Turkey continues to struggle with mitigating its impact on the environment, with high levels of air and water pollution for a country with average levels of energy intensity. Efforts to curb greenhouse gas emissions see some progress. Contextually, Turkey’s performance remains largely unchanged, with small gains made across the board most notably in health, education, and the availability of credit to the private sector.

Trends and Outlook

Turkey has to accommodate a fast growing demand for energy and enormous investment volumes are required to meet this growth. Furthermore, only 23% of energy consumption is met by domestic resources, thus energy dependence is of great concern.

Policymakers should consider increased support for the development of domestic resources, such as hydropower and lignite to meet the increasing energy demand.