Ukraine

Index rank 97

Balance Score

BCD

Energy Sustainability Index Rankings and Balance Score

 2011  2012  2013  Trend Score
Energy Performance  85  92  92   
Energy Security  54  60  59  B
Energy Equity  70  73  73  C
Environmental Sustainability  114  114  114  D
         
Contextual Performance  106  104  97   
Political Strength  106  100  99   
Societal Strength  77  88  88   
Economic Strength  110  109  101   
         
Overall Rank  95  99  97  BCD
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Fossil Fuel Reserves

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Key Metrics

Industrial sector (% of GDP) 32.8
TPEP / TPEC  (net energy importer) 0.61
Emission intensity (kg CO2 per USD) 0.96
Energy affordability (USD per kWh) n.a.
GDP / capita (PPP, USD); GDP Group 7,210 (III)
Energy intensity (million BTU per USD) 0.47
CO2 emissions (metric tons CO2 per capita) 6.08
Population Access to Electricity (%) 99.8
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Index Commentary

Ukraine improves two positions in this year’s Index with overall relative energy performance virtually unchanged. Only energy security improves by a single rank. On the energy equity dimension, the perceived quality of electricity services improves. From an environmental sustainability point of view, energy and emissions intensity remain among the highest in the world. Considering that Ukraine gets less than half of its electricity from burning fossil fuels (with the majority coming from nuclear power and a small amount from hydropower), emissions from electricity generation remain fairly high. Contextual performance is essentially flat, although maintaining the same absolute performance on indicators of economic strength in a climate of continued weak global macroeconomic conditions helps boost Ukraine’s relative ranking on that dimension.

Trends and Outlook

Ukraine’s energy sector faces great challenges, from a high dependence on expensive fossil-fuel imports such as oil and gas, to inefficient infrastructure and markets. Recent energy policy developments to address those challenges include the decision to replace Russian gas by Ukrainian coal, increase oil and gas production, for example, from the Black Sea shelf, and develop the nuclear power capacity.

Furthermore, there is a need to strengthen energy-efficiency policies, make full use of the country’s renewable energy potential such as biogas and municipal waste for heat and power generation, and lower gas consumption in the district heating sector to ensure heat supply and lower energy bills.