Many of the vulnerabilities to Energy Access,
Energy Security, and Environmental Sustainability
result from impediments to reaching a global
demand-supply balance, as well as local balances,
for various energy sources and carriers.
Vulnerabilities result from multiple reasons:
regional imbalances of energy production and
consumption, the bulky character of the majority of
energy fuels, the virtual necessity of electricity
consumption following its production, among
To detect and prioritize respective "bottlenecks"
across energy carriers, they have to be measured.
In this report, production, consumption, exports,
and imports were measured across all major
energy carriers for seven key regions of the world
for three time frames-2008, 2020, and 2050.
Imbalances between production and consumption
form bottlenecks in each region.