Energy Efficiency Policies around the World: Review and Evaluation
1.1 Objectives and content of the report
This report presents the results of a three-year study on "Energy Efficiency Policies" co-ordinated by ADEME with the technical assistance of ENERDATA and contributions from more than 70 WEC member countries. The study was aimed at monitoring energy efficiency trends through various indicators and evaluating energy efficiency policies. The report provides updated information and expands the range of countries covered in previous reports prepared by ADEME/WEC for the last four Congresses held by the World Energy Council in Tokyo (1995), Houston (1998), Buenos Aires (2001) and Sydney (2004).
The first objective of the study was to identify and explain trends in energy efficiency performance in selected countries and regions. For that purpose, a selection of indicators was analysed and compared. The methodology used is directly adapted from the European project on energy efficiency indicators, ODYSSEE2.
The second objective was to describe and evaluate energy efficiency policies using a sample of countries throughout the world. For that purpose, a survey was carried out in over 70 countries. The survey focused on five policy measures, where evaluation was completed in detailed case studies prepared by selected experts. Beyond a description of measures already implemented, the study aimed to identify the most effective proven policy measures.
This report consists of two main parts: a review of the energy efficiency progress achieved around the world (Chapter 2) and the evaluation of energy efficiency policies and measures (Chapter 3). In the final chapter (Chapter 4) conclusions and recommendations are summarised to help the reader learn from the experiences of the most advanced countries, in terms of energy efficiency policies. Two annexes complement this evaluation. Annex 1 presents country case studies on selected policy measures: ESCO's, energy efficiency obligations for energy utilities, energy incentives for cars, mandatory energy audits, and the package of measures for solar water heaters. Annex 2 presents the synthesis of the worldwide survey on energy efficiency policy and measures.
Given its broad geographical coverage, the report provides a comprehensive and valuable source of information. The methodology of relating energy efficiency indicators to policy measures represents an original approach to the evaluation of these policies.
2. Project on energy efficiency indicators co-ordinated by ADEME and supported by the Energy Intelligence for Europe Agency, EnR and all energy efficiency agencies in Europe and their representatives (30 countries).