Energy Policy Scenarios to 2050
10.1.8. 2035: Emissions stabilisation
Building on the foundations of the first phase, it will in time be possible to take advantage of new energy-related infrastructure and major technology advances, in areas such as advanced nuclear power plants, some utilising breeder technology, and supercritical coal and/or IGCC with CCS, thus enabling zero-carbon-emission, fossil fueled power plants. Other important emission-reduction technologies include advanced solar thermal, building-integrated photovoltaics, and micro-combined heat and power plants. All of these are further stimulated by breakthroughs in energy-storage technology. In addition, advanced building technologies produce major energy savings, perhaps including converting buildings from energy consumers to net producers. Hybrid vehicles, plus other advanced clean transportation options (including the widely expanded production and use of biofuels that do not interfere with the food cycle) will also significantly contribute to lower carbon emissions while reducing petroleum consumption.