Survey of Energy Resources 2007
Bioenergy Country Notes
As reported for SER 2004:
Data concerning the use of biomass energy (apart from wood and charcoal) are unavailable. To resolve this problem, a strategy is being devised to collect data on production and consumption of all forms of biomass.
There is a programme for restructuring the institutional framework of renewable energies and a project concerning the inventory and the evaluation of agricultural and industrial waste.
Natural biomass, agricultural waste and industrial waste constitute the potential renewable energies for direct use.
78% of the population consumes biomass energy in different forms (firewood, charcoal by city dwellers, agricultural and industrial waste).
The agricultural and industrial energy resources are estimated at more than 4 mtoe/yr. They constitute an important source of energy and essentially come from palm oil, manufactured wood, coffee, rice and sugar cane.
The principal technologies used for the conversion of biomass into energy are carbonisation, gasification and fermentation.
Firewood and charcoal constitute 60% of the national energy consumption. As well as household consumption, wood fuels are also used in restaurants, ironwork, bakeries, potteries, curing and drying feed.