Survey of Energy Resources 2007
Geothermal Country Notes
Romania's low-enthalpy geothermal potential lies mainly along the western border with Hungary and in the south-central part of the country. Usage of the country's springs has been known since Roman times but it was only during the 1960s that energy-directed exploration began. To date some 230 exploration wells have been drilled, of which 76 have become production wells and six have become injection wells.
The transition to a market economy, together with the run-up to membership of the European Union, have certainly assisted with the development of geothermal energy in Romania but for the full potential of the resource to be realised, access to adequate funding and the latest technology is required.
Currently geothermal heat is used only for direct purposes - there is no use for electricity generation or heat pumps. District heating output represents about 43%; bathing and swimming (including balneology) 28%; greenhouse heating 17%; industrial process heat 9% and fish farming 2%.