Survey of Energy Resources 2007
Hydropower Country Notes
Namibia's only perennial rivers are the Kunene and Kavango (forming borders with Angola and Zambia in the north) and the Orange River bordering South Africa in the south. The Namibian WEC Member Committee notes that any plans to develop hydro power are thus subject to lengthy bilateral negotiations. Another problem leading to limited exploitation of hydro resources is the scarcity of rain and the extensive droughts.
Little has been done in Namibia with regard to the development of small hydro power plants. Small hydro potential can be found mostly on the Kavango and Orange Rivers, since the Kunene is situated in a remote area. The waters of the Orange River are dedicated to irrigation projects and mining activities.