Survey of Energy Resources 2007
Nuclear - Proliferation Resistance
At the 2005 Non-Profileration of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) Review Conference, the IAEA Director General proposed seven steps to strengthen the non-proliferation regime: reaffirm the goal of eliminating nuclear weapons; strengthen the Agency's verification authority; establish better control over proliferation-sensitive parts of the fuel cycle; secure and control nuclear material (e.g. strengthen the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material and minimise highly-enriched uranium in civilian use); demonstrate a commitment to nuclear disarmament; strengthen the NPT non-compliance mechanism; and address real national security concerns. Six of the seven do not directly address nuclear power - it is not a principal source of proliferation risk. The one that does address nuclear power proposes tighter control over proliferation-sensitive elements of the nuclear fuel cycle, specifically enrichment and reprocessing, while assuring the supply of nuclear fuel for peaceful uses.