Survey of Energy Resources 2007
Nuclear Country Notes
Romania's first nuclear plant - a PHWR supplied by AECL of Canada, with a current net capacity of 655 MWe - came online in 1996 at Cernavoda in the east of the republic. In 2005, it supplied 9.3% of Romania's electricity generation.
The Romanian WEC Member Committee reports that the Cernavoda NPP was designed for five reactors, using Canadian Candu-type technology. Currently the power plant has one functional reactor; a second reactor is scheduled to be commercially viable in the summer of 2007, thus increasing Cernavoda's output to 18% of national electricity production. Nuclear fuel loading at Cernavoda 2 began in February 2007, preparatory to the unit coming into operation in September 2007.
As a result of a feasibility study carried out by Nuclearelectrica SA (the operator of Cernavoda 1 & 2), the Ministry of Economy and Commerce (MEC) will propose to the Government the simultaneous construction of the third and fourth reactors at the Cernavoda nuclear plant. The financial effort requires a 2.2 billion Euro investment. Work on Units 3 and 4 is planned to restart at the beginning of 2008, with completion taking some 64 months.