Survey of Energy Resources 2007
Peat - Energy Markets
At the present time, the principal producers (and consumers) of fuel peat are Ireland, Finland, Belarus, Russia, Sweden and Ukraine.
Total consumption reported for 2004 (IEA, 2006) was 17.3 million tonnes. Recorded production was considerably lower, at around 13.5 million tonnes. The balance of supply came out of stock, a normal feature of the peat supply/demand picture, reflecting the substantial (and unavoidable) year-to-year variations in peat production occasioned by the weather prevailing during the harvesting period.
Peat consumption for energy purposes outside Europe is essentially negligible at present. The sectoral breakdown in Europe (including all of the Russian Federation) in 2004 was: power stations, CHP and heat plants 69%, input to briquetting plants 15%, residential use 8%, industry 6% and other users 2%.
Fig. 8-2 (Greenhouses heated with sod peat)
Fig. 8-3 (Forssan Energia)