Survey of Energy Resources 2007
Solar Country Notes
By end-2005 France (including its overseas departments [DOM]) had a total installed PV capacity of 33 043 kWp, of which 13 844 kWp was off-grid domestic, 6 232 kWp off-grid non-domestic and 12 967 kWp grid-connected distributed. Metropolitan France accounted for almost 49% of total PV capacity and about 42% of PV output. The annual average increase in capacity between 2000 and 2005 was about 24%.
The principal sources of subsidies for PV installations in France are ADEME (Agence de l'environnement et de la maîtrise de l'énergie: the body charged with promoting renewable energy), the regional councils and the European Commission.
An Arrêté dated 7 July 2006 specifies the following new targets for PV installations: an additional 160 MW by 2010 and an additional 500 MW (including the 160) by 2015.
The French feed-in tariff for PV electricity was updated by an Arrêté dated 10 July 2006 (€ 0.30 to 0.55/kWh), for installations with a capacity of below 12 MW.
Solar thermal output in 2005 is reported to have been 1 632 TJ, of which 941 was in metropolitan France. The total glazed area of solar thermal collectors in operation in 2005 was 396 000 m2, giving an output capacity of about 277 MWt.
The Loi POPE of 13 July 2005 specifies a target of 200 000 solar water-heaters and 50 000 solar roofs per annum in 2010.
All solar equipment benefits from an increase in the tax credit to 50% from 1 January 2006.