Survey of Energy Resources 2007
Solar Country Notes
The Hungarian solar energy market is in an early stage of development, compared with wind or biomass energy applications. Installed PV capacity was about 100 kWp at end-2005, with output during the year totalling some 150 MWh.
Three-quarters of installed PV systems are autonomous: microwave telecommunication stations, highway emergency phones, traffic data acquisition stations, meteorological survey stations, safety systems, electric fences, water supply systems, monitoring systems in the gas industry, lighting, remote area houses, etc.
About a quarter is grid-connected. These are mainly subsidised pilot or demonstration applications: e.g. at a gasoline filling station, university projects, etc.
There are less than 1 000 applications of solar heat, consisting mainly of small-scale house heating and hot water production. The total glazed area of solar thermal collectors in operation in 2005 was 5 000 m2, giving an output capacity of about 4 MWt.