Survey of Energy Resources 2007
Solar Country Notes
Iran (Islamic Republic)
According to the Iranian WEC Member Committee, the average annual solar energy potential is about 6 570 MJ/m2 or 1 825 kWh/m2. Most areas in Iran record more than 300 days of sunshine, or over 2 800 hours, in a year.
Installed PV capacity at end-2005 is reported as 300 kW, with 2005 output amounting to 230 MWh. The capacity of solar heating systems is estimated to have been around 5 000 kW at the end of 2005.
Programmes for promoting the utilisation of solar energy fall into three categories:
building up capacity, such as running university-level training courses, supporting and establishing research centres, encouraging manufacturers to produce the required equipment and systems;
carrying out pilot projects by the Government, with the aim of clearing the ground for the private sector to come forward;
conducting potential assessment studies.
Solar projects include:
a 17 MW solar thermal power plant, which would be installed by 2009;
50 MW (or more than 1 million m2 ) of solar water heaters by 2009;
installation of several different types of PV systems;
a pilot plant for a parabolic-trough solar thermal power plant, with a capacity of 250 kW;
installation of PV systems in 40 isolated village households.