Survey of Energy Resources 2007
Solar Country Notes
The Romanian WEC Member Committee reports that the solar energy potential, as given by the average amount of energy from solar radiation on a horizontal surface, is about 1 300 kWh/m2/yr.
The geographical distribution of the solar energy potential indicates that more than half of Romania's area benefits from an annual energy flow of between
1 000 and 1 300 kWh/m2/yr. The solar-thermal potential is 144 000 TJ/yr, whilst the solar-electric potential is 6 TWh/yr.
The planned project and research programmes will promote investment projects in order to ensure optimum conditions for the development of medium and long-term applications.
The demonstration projects for heat generation based on solar sources are developed by means of high-performance solar-thermal systems (e.g. as a heat carrier and for hot-water production in individual households), which can operate in parallel with conventional heating systems.
For the development of demonstration programmes, especially for rural electrification, relatively low power (ranging from 200 W to 5 000 W) solar applications will be developed.
On the basis of feasibility studies, projects designed for PV grid-connected systems will be put into operation.
Current applications comprise:
demonstration grid-connected PV systems;
building-integrated grid-connected systems;
small off-grid public & private installations;
hybrid PV/wind systems;
PV for telecommunications.