Survey of Energy Resources 2007
Wave - Environmental Aspects
Most studies (e.g. Wavenet, 2003) have concluded that the environmental impact of wave energy schemes is likely to be low, provided developers show sensitivity when selecting sites for deployment and that all the key stakeholders are consulted.
In addition, several wave energy developers are seeking to use their technology for producing potable water by reverse osmosis (RO), thereby helping to address a major environmental crisis - the lack of drinking water for many millions of people. The fact that the vast majority of the world's population live within 30 km of the coast makes wave energy a suitable technology for providing water close to where it will be consumed.