Survey of Energy Resources 2007
Wave Country Notes
The Indian wave energy programme started in 1983 at the Institute of Technology (IIT) under the sponsorship of the Department of Ocean Development. Initial research identified the OWC as most suitable for Indian conditions: a 150 kW pilot OWC was built onto the breakwater of the Vizhinjam Fisheries Harbour, near Trivandrum (Kerala), with commissioning in October 1991. The scheme operated successfully, producing data that were used for the design of a superior generator and turbine. An improved power module was installed at Vizhinjam in April 1996 that in turn led to the production of new designs for a breakwater comprised of 10 caissons with a total capacity of 1.1 MW. However, this does not appear to have been taken further.
The National Institute of Ocean Technology succeeded IIT and continues to research wave energy including the Backward Bent Duct Buoy (a variant of the OWC design).