Survey of Energy Resources 2007
Wind Country Notes
The wind power potential in Ukraine, whilst very large overall (estimated at some 30 TWh/yr), is considerably higher in the south than in the northern areas. It is considered technically feasible and advisable to use 15-19% of this inherent wind energy. Study has shown that this potential could support up to 16 000 MW (and possibly as much as 35 000 MW).
In line with other European countries Ukraine plans to restructure its energy sector, incorporating a higher utilisation of renewable energies. The Ukrainian Renewable Energy Agency, using the basic assumptions from the draft Energy Strategy of Ukraine for the period to 2030 and the work of INFORSE (Vision 2050 - energy sector scenarios for European countries), has formulated its own set of scenarios and restated targets that should be met by 2050.
Whilst Ukraine has indigenous fossil fuel resources, it is apparent that they cannot completely satisfy either current or future energy demand. The long-term plan is to utilise the country's varied renewable resources. With regard to wind power, although the present level of installed capacity is quite low, an average wind velocity of 5-5.5 m/s at a height of 10 m available in many regions could lead to a considerable increase in capacity.
At end-2005 total installed capacity stood at 72 MW of which the main plants were: Donuzlavs'ka, 10.9 MW; Sudaks'ka, 5.4 MW; Novoazovs'ka, 20.4 MW; Saks'ka, 18.4 MW; Tarkhankuts'ka, 11.1 MW. It has been predicted that by 2030 over 11 000 MW of capacity will have been constructed and that wind power generation could rise from nearly 25 TWh in that year to around 42 TWh in 2050.