Gas in Canada

Gas Production147Mtoe per year

Amount in place33.7thousand Mtoe

Gas Recoverable Reserves1.79thousand Mtoe

Canada has established themselves as a major global producer of natural gas. Although they had the 16th largest global amount of proved natural gas reserves as of 2014, they currently utilise their reserves effectively as they were the fifth largest natural gas producer in the world in 2014 at 162 bcm. Canada managed to reach this level of production through effectively utilising both conventional and unconventional means.

While Canada is a major natural gas producer, they also are a significant consumer of natural gas. In 2014, Canada consumed 104.2 bcm of natural gas. This level of consumption made them the world’s sixth largest consumer of natural gas. Although Canada is a major natural gas consumer, natural gas only made up ~28.2% of the country’s primary energy consumption in 2014.

Furthermore, Canada produces significantly more natural gas than they consume and therefore they have been able to become a large natural gas exporter via pipeline. In 2014, Canada exported 74.6 bcm of pipeline natural gas, all of which went to the US. However, this pipeline natural gas trade was not only one-way as Canada imported 21.8 bcm of pipeline natural gas from the US in 2014. Canada has relied on the US importing their natural gas in the past and are still reliant on this currently.

However, Canada’s natural gas exports to the US decreased by 7% from 2010 to 2014, largely due to the success of the US shale gas revolution. US production of natural gas is expected to continue to grow in the coming years, which is expected to lead to even less US natural gas imports. This is a major concern for Canada and therefore they have begun exploring the possibility of exportation via LNG. A majority of their current LNG export proposals would result in Canada exporting natural gas to Asia in efforts to reduce the detriment of decreased US pipeline natural gas imports.


Gas data represents natural gas only, for unconventional gas please refer country notes within the WER 2013 report gas chapter.