Solar in Egypt

Solar Installed Capacity45MW

Egypt is located in the world’s solar belt and has an excellent solar availability. The Egyptian WEC Member Committee has reported that average solar radiation ranges from about 1 950 kWh/m2/yr on the Mediterranean coast to more than 2 600 kWh/m2/yr in Upper Egypt, while about 90% of the Egyptian territory has an average global radiation greater than 2 200 kWh/m2/yr.

Photovoltaic (PV) solar systems are presently considered economically advantageous only in remote applications of low power demand, where a grid extension appears non-economic, while conventional stand-alone power sources (e.g. diesel generator sets) show excessive operating costs, in addition to polluting the environment.

A number of PV systems have been installed in Egypt, primarily by the New and Renewable Energy Authority (NREA), but also by other national and international entities, including some private companies. The main applications are water pumping, desalination, rural clinics, telecommunications, rural village electrification, icemaking, billboards and cathodic protection.

Egypt’s first concentrating solar power (CSP) plant is approaching completion at Koraymat, 90 km south of Cairo. The parabolic trough installation is part of a larger integrated facility that includes two gas turbines of approximately 40 MW each, and a 70 MW steam turbine. The overall output capacity is around 140 MW.