Gas in Kazakhstan

Gas Production11.2Mtoe per year

Amount in place3.76thousand Mtoe

Gas Recoverable Reserves842Mtoe

Kazakhstan currently has one of the world’s larger bases of proved natural gas reserves. More specifically, Kazakhstan had 1506.1 bcm of proved natural gas reserves as of 2014, giving them the world’s 20th most proved natural gas reserves. A majority of Kazakhstan’s proved natural gas reserves and natural gas production are a result of the Karachaganak field.

Although a majority of the natural gas produced in Kazakhstan is reinjected into oil fields to aid production, Kazakhstan’s marketed natural gas production has also been increasing in recent years. Kazakhstan’s marketed natural gas production was 19.3 bcm in 2014, which represented the fourth consecutive year that marketed natural gas production increased at an average annual rate of 4.9% during that time span.

Kazakhstan’s natural gas consumption was 5.6 bcm in 2014. While natural gas does have a role in Kazakhstan’s primary energy consumption, its role is minimal when compared to other fossil fuels such as coal and oil. More specifically, natural gas was only responsible for 9.4% of Kazakhstan’s primary energy consumption in 2014.

As Kazakhstan’s natural gas production is significantly more than their natural gas consumption, Kazakhstan has taken advantage of their ability to be a net exporter of natural gas. Kazakhstan currently focuses on pipeline natural gas trade and they are both an importer and exporter of natural gas. Overall, Kazakhstan exported a net total of 4.7 bcm of pipeline natural gas in 2014. Kazakhstan’s main partner in their pipeline natural gas trade is Russia and this trade relationship goes both ways. In terms of pipeline natural gas exportation, Kazakhstan exported 11.4 bcm of pipeline natural gas in 2014 with 10.9 bcm of that going to Russia. Conversely, Kazakhstan imported 6.7 bcm of pipeline natural gas in 2014 with Russia providing 4.3 bcm of that total.

Note

Gas data represents natural gas only, for unconventional gas please refer country notes within the WER 2013 report gas chapter.