Biomass in Poland

In 2005, Poland used municipal solid waste, wood, forestry and wood processing material, agricultural residues and industrial waste as bioenergy resources. Municipal solid waste was used directly in combustion (675 TJ), as were agricultural residues (21 337 TJ, total energy production 31 741 TJ) and industrial waste (16 529 TJ, total energy production 22 282 TJ).

There were 13 839 thousand cubic metres of raw wood, forestry and wood processing material available, with 127 914 TJ of direct combustion energy produced and a total energy production of 131 474 TJ.

The Polish Statistical Office does not currently publish data on itemised bioenergy by type. The following total bioenergy production data are available for 2005: solid fuels (biomass and industrial wastes), 49.3 PJ; liquid biofuels, 0.6 PJ; biogas, 2.0 PJ; and electricity, 1 506 MWh.

Up to the present time renewable energy has not been intensively utilised. However, this situation is likely to change considerably in the short term, owing to European law and Poland’s renewable energy obligations. By 2010, it is expected that electricity generation from renewables (geothermal, biomass, wind and hydro) will contribute 9% of the total. Moreover, the share of biofuels in the transport sector will rise to 5.75%.