The countries that have the most hydroelectric generating capacity installed in the region include: Ethiopia (2,552 MW), Democratic Republic of the Congo (2,495 MW), Zambia (2,272 MW), South Africa (2,251 MW, pumped storage 1,580 MW), Sudan (2,250 MW), Mozambique (2,187 MW), Nigeria (2,040 MW) and Ghana (1,584 MW). Hydroelectricity generation in 2015 totalled 13.93 TWh in Zambia, 12 TWh in Mozambique, 9 TWh in Ethiopia, 8.67 TWh in Ghana, 6.31 TWh in Sudan, 5.90 TWh in Nigeria, 5.50 TWh in Zimbabwe and 4.41 TWh in Cameroon. (Source: International Hydropower Association, 2016)

The region has an estimated potential of 300 GW, and only 8% of this has been tapped. The most important projects that drive regional interconnection and grid expansion include Ethiopia’s Gilgel Gibe III (1,870 MW) and the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (6,000 MW), as well as the Inga projects in DR Congo, where there is the possibility to install 40 GW in capacity. Guinea commissioned in 2015 three units at the 240 MW Kaleta plant. Mozambique has six hydropower stations in operations and two major projects in the pipeline: Mphanda Nkuwa (1,500 MW) and the north bank expansion of the Cahora Bassa plant (1,245 MW). Ethiopia plans to commission a further 3,900 MW of new hydropower, including the 254 MW Genale Dawa 3 in 2016, and Geba I and II 385 MW in 2018. Further developments include Gibe IV and Gibe V (2,000 MW and 600 MW, respectively), as well as the Upper Dabus (326 MW) and Halele Werabesa (436 MW). The country also plans to begin construction on a further 7,500 MW spread across ten projects by 2020.

Hydropower Production

Hydropower Installed Capacity25.3GW

Hydropower Production8.56Mtoe per year

Hydropower Installed Capacity by region

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Hydropower Installed Capacity by country

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Top Hydropower producing countries

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